Year 7 History – Example Exam Questions

Short Answer Questions

1) True/False (10)

Julius Caesar visited Britain twice

Brutus was the first Roman Emperor

Roman Citizens were made up of Patricians and Plebians

Romulus and Ronald founded Rome in 753BC

Chariot racing took place in the Colosseum

Edward the Confessor died in 1056

William of Normandy won the Battle of Stamford Bridge

William built Motte and Bailey Castles to control the English

The Domesday Book was originally known as the Winchester Book

Most people in Medieval England were farmers

2) What were Aquaducts used for? (1)

3) What was the name of the soldier who commanded a legion? (1)

4) Who was the female British leader who led a revolt against the Roman invaders? (1)

5) Which Emperor was accused of setting fire to Rome in 64AD? (1)

6) How long did it take to build a Motte and Bailey Castle? (1)

7) Give two disadvantages of Motte and Bailey Castles. (2)

8 ) How did King Harold die?

9) Name the three people who thought they should be king in 1066. (3)

10) Write a definition for the following words (4)

Legacy                                                    Strigil

Feudal System                                      Villein

11) Write out the correct events with the correct date (5)



The Bayeux Tapestry was made1066AD
Hannibal was defeated at the Battle of Zama485AD
The Battle of Stamford Bridge64AD
The Roman Empire was divided in two202BC
The Fire of Rome1077AD

12) Make a copy of the timeline below. Marks are allocated for correct labelling of BC/AD, presentation and scale. (3)



13) Label the following events on your timeline. (5)

The Murder of Julius Caesar – 44BC

The eruption of Mount Vesuvius – 79AD

The end of Roman rule in Britain – 410AD

The Anglo-Saxon Invasions – 470AD

St Augustine travels to Britain to convert the pagans – 597AD

Extended Writing Questions

1) Explain why the Roman Army was so successful. Try to explain which you think was the most important factor as well. (10)

You may like to use the following in your answer:

*Discipline & Punishment

*Tactics & Equipment


*Building activities – Roads & Forts

2) Explain why you think the Roman Empire collapsed by 412AD. Try to explain which you think was the most important factor as well. (10)

You may like to use the following in your answer:

*Military problems (eg: problems with the army)

*Political problems (eg: problems in government, taxes, etc)

*Social problems (eg: increasing crime, lifestyles of emperors, etc)

*Barbarian Invasions

Source Analysis Questions

Examine the following sources, then answer the questions which follow.

Source A: An extract from the Ely Inquiry, part of the official Domesday Book Survey.

The King’s officials met the priest, the reeve and six men from each village. They inquired what the manor was called, and who held it in the time of King Edward; who holds it now; how many hides there are, how many ploughs, how many villeins, how many cottars; how many slaves, how many freemen; how much woodland, how much meadow; how many mills, what the estate is worth now. And it was also noted whether any more could be taken from the estate than is now being taken.

Source B: An account written by a monk shortly after his local village had been visited.

[The Official] made them search so thoroughly that there was not a single yard of land, nor even – it is a shame to tell it but he was not ashamed to do it – one ox, nor a cow, nor a swine that was not set down in his writing.


1) Study Sources A and B. Do these sources agree about the way the Domesday Survey was carried out? (4)

2) Study Source A. How reliable is Source A as evidence of how the Domesday Survey was carried out? (4)

Source C: An account of Duke William of Normandy fighting in the Battle of Hastings, written in 1073.[William] led his forces with great skill holding them when they turned to run, giving them courage, sharing their danger. He was more often heard shouting at them to follow him than ordering them to go on ahead. It is clear that it was the Duke’s bravery that inspired his soldiers as they went forward and gave them courage.Source D: A Norman account of the Battle of Hastings by William of Poitiers. He was not at the battle.William stood out boldly in front of those in flight and restored their courage. Our men marched up the hill a second time. They realised that they would suffer heavy losses, but then remembered the trick of retreating. They turned around and pretended to flee. Several thousand English quickly gave pursuit. The Normans suddenly turned their horses, surrounded the enemy and cut them down. Twice this trick was used with great success.


Source E: Section from the Bayeux Tapestry showing Duke William at the front of his army, lifting his helmet to show his soldiers that he was still alive, produced about 1077 on the orders of William’s half-brotherSource F: An account by a monk called Florence of Worcester, written about 1115.Harold marched his army towards London by forced marches; and, although he knew that he had lost some of his best men in the recent battle, and that half of his troops were not yet assembled, he did not hesitate to meet the enemy.

3) Study sources C, D and E. How far do sources C and D agree with the evidence of Source E about the reasons why William the Conqueror won the Battle of Hastings? (6)

4) Study source D. Why do you think this source was made? (3)

5) Study source F. How useful is source F as evidence of why William the Conqueror won the Battle of Hastings? (4)

6) Study source E. How reliable is this source as evidence of William’s actions during the Battle of Hastings? (4)